Andre Norton sitting in her Library : Winter Park, Florida in the 1990's


Biography by Maciej Zaleski - Ejgierd

 Alice Mary Norton was born on February 17, 1912 in Cleveland, Ohio, USA. She was the second daughter of Adalbert Freely Norton, owner of a rug company, and Bertha Stemm. Being a late child, born seventeen years after her sister, she never developed close relationships with her siblings or contemporaries and was influenced primarily by her parents, especially her mother, who later on did all her proofreading and served as a critic-in-residence.

    Much attention was paid in Ms. Norton's family to books, the visible sign of which was the weekly visit to a public library. Even before she could read herself, her mother would read to her and recite poetry as she went about various household chores. Even the good grades at school were rewarded by books, namely by copies of Ruth Plumly Thompson's Oz novels. It was this fondness of her parents that marked her whole life. She started writing at the Collinwood High School in Cleveland, under the tutelage and guidance of Miss Sylvia Cochrane. She became an editor of a literary page in the school's paper, called The Collinwood Spotlight. As such, she had to write many short stories. It was at the school hall, where she wrote her first book - "Ralestone Luck", which was finally published as the second in 1938 (the first one was "The Prince Commands" in 1934). Also in 1934, she legally changed her name to Andre Norton (Andre Alice Norton, to be exact). She was expected to be writing for young boys, and the male name was expected to increase her marketability.

    After graduating from the High School, she continued her education at the Flora Stone Mather College of Western Reserve University (now Case Western Reserve) for a year from the autumn of 1930 to the spring of 1931, intending to become a history teacher. Then, due to the economical depression, she was forced to find work in order to support the household. She took evening courses in journalism and writing that were offered by Cleveland College, the adult division of the same university.

    In 1932 she was employed by the Cleveland Library System. Most of her time was spent as an assistant librarian in the children's section of the Nottingham Branch Library in Cleveland. Although she became something of a troubleshooter for the entire system, the lack of a degree prevented her from advancing as her ability might have dictated. She couldn't change jobs, because there weren't many employment opportunities during the depression.

    In 1941, for a short period of time she owned and managed a bookstore and lending library called the Mystery House, situated in Mount Ranier, Maryland. Unfortunately it was a failure. At much the same time, from 1940 to 1941, she worked as a special librarian in the cataloguing department of the Library of the Congress, involved in a project related to alien citizenship, which was abruptly terminated by the beginning of the World War II. After Ms. Norton left the Cleveland Library System, she began working as a reader for Martin Greenberg at Gnome Press. After 8 years she left, totally devoting herself to writing.

  On March 17, 2005 at 2:23am Andre Norton passed away at her home in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Since middle February she had been fighting with a combination of flu and pneumonia and has at last succumbed to a congestive heart failure.

   She often said she never wished to be more than a storyteller, and that skill she has mastered to perfection. Writing was her calling and she has not abandoned it till the very end. She was a prolific author and leaves a legacy of over 200 books and short stories.

   Her writing, always uplifting and positive in its message, has touched the lives of many people - she has received numerous letters and emails from people who told her how her stories helped them find strength to overcome the obstacles they faced in real life. She will be sorely missed by us all.

   She requested before her death that she not have a funeral service, but instead asked to be cremated along with a copy of her first and last novels.


Andre and her friends, Winter Park, Fl ~ 1990s


She asks that memorials be made in her honor to:

 St. Jude’s Children’s Hospital (Memorial and Honor Program), 501 St. Jude Place, Memphis, TN 38105


Veterinary Services (c/o the Noah Fund) P.O. Box 10128, Murfreesboro, TN 37129.


For information about Andre's gravesite click here


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50 Nortons in 50 Weeks
About Andre Norton
Alethea Kontis Essay
Alethea Kontis under the influence
Andre Norton and Me
Andre Norton Dies at 93
Andre Norton on "evil and dangerous" gay fiction
Andre Norton Reread Begins
Andre Norton's Young Adult Novels
Andre Norton, 93; A Prolific Science Fiction, Fantasy Author
Andre Norton: A Vanguard Member of the Sad Puppies Revolution
Andre Norton: Loss of Faith
Andre Norton’s Exiles of the Stars
Andre Norton’s Moon of Three Rings
Andre Norton’s A Taste of Magic
Andre Norton’s Catseye
Andre Norton’s Daybreak 2250 AD
Andre Norton’s Defiant Agents
Andre Norton’s Dragon Magic
Andre Norton’s Eye of the Monster
Andre Norton’s Forerunner
Andre Norton’s Forerunner Foray
Andre Norton’s Forerunner: the Second Venture
Andre Norton’s Fur Magic
Andre Norton’s Galactic Derelict
Andre Norton’s Gate of the Cat
Andre Norton’s Gryphon in Glory
Andre Norton’s Gryphon`s Eyrie
Andre Norton’s Horn Crown
Andre Norton’s Jargoon Pard
Andre Norton’s Judgment on Janus
Andre Norton’s Key Out of Time
Andre Norton’s Lavender-Green Magic
Andre Norton’s Lord of Thunder
Andre Norton’s Mirror of Destiny
Andre Norton’s Night of Masks
Andre Norton’s Octagon Magic
Andre Norton’s Ordeal in Otherwhere
Andre Norton’s Plague Ship
Andre Norton’s Postmarked the Stars
Andre Norton’s Quest Crosstime
Andre Norton’s Red Hart Magic
Andre Norton’s Sargasso of Space
Andre Norton’s Scent of Magic
Andre Norton’s Sea Siege
Andre Norton’s Songsmith
Andre Norton’s Sorceress of the Witch World
Andre Norton’s Star Gate
Andre Norton’s Star Gate
Andre Norton’s Star Hunter
Andre Norton’s Steel Magic
Andre Norton’s Storm Over Warlock
Andre Norton’s The Beast Master
Andre Norton’s The Crossroads of Time
Andre Norton’s The Crystal Gryphon
Andre Norton’s The Hands of Lyr
Andre Norton’s The Sioux Spaceman
Andre Norton’s The Time Traders
Andre Norton’s The X Factor
Andre Norton’s The Zero Stone
Andre Norton’s Three Against the Witch World
Andre Norton’s Trey of Swords
Andre Norton’s Uncharted Stars
Andre Norton’s Victory on Janus
Andre Norton’s Voodoo Planet
Andre Norton’s Voorloper
Andre Norton’s Ware Hawk
Andre Norton’s Warlock of the Witch World
Andre Norton’s Web of the Witch World
Andre Norton’s Wind in the Stone
Andre Norton’s Witch World
Andre Norton’s Year of the Unicorn
Andre Norton’s Zarsthor's Bane
Andre's Dollhouse
Articles About Andre
Articles about Andre 1934 to 1954
Articles about Andre 1955 to 1959
Articles about Andre 1960 to 1964
Articles about Andre 1965 to 1969
Articles about Andre 1970 to 1974
Articles about Andre 1975 to 1979
Articles about Andre 1980 to 1984
Articles about Andre 1985 to 1989
Articles about Andre 1990 to 1994
Articles about Andre 1995 to 1999
Articles about Andre 2000 to 2004
Articles about Andre 2005 to Current
Collecting Science Fiction
Cover is not a Cover
Dragon Con Press Release
High Hallack Library
Introduction to Andre Norton
Introduction to Many Worlds
My Friend Andre
Plans of High Hallack
Ratha and Andre Norton
Remembering Andre Norton
Reviews by Patrick T. Reardon
The Changeling
The Sting of Opression: Andre Norton’s “Three Hands for Scorpio”
Visiting Miss Norton